Building life safety systems include fire alarm systems, life safety fire protection, evacuation plans, and other emergency management practices. Buildings need life safety systems to help prevent death and injury from fires, electrical shock, falls, natural disasters, hazardous materials release, and other threats to human life.
What to know about Building life safety systems
- What is Life Safety?
Building life safety is a term used to describe the prevention of death and injury in buildings. The most common life safety systems are fire alarms, sprinklers, and smoke ventilation. Buildings need life safety systems to help prevent death and injury from fires, electrical shock, falls, natural disasters, hazardous materials release, and other threats to human life.
Building life safety systems prevent injuries and deaths resulting from various building hazards. The most common types of these systems include fire alarms, sprinklers, gas detectors, smoke ventilation, exit signs, emergency lighting, and other security measures.
- Inspection of Buildings
The FPA recommends that a competent person trained in fire protection testing, life safety installation, maintenance, and operation inspect and test life safety systems.
- Life Safety Fire Protection Systems
Fire protection systems are necessary to protect people and property from the destructive effects of fire. There are many different fire protection systems, with the most common life safety systems being fire alarms, sprinklers, and smoke ventilation.
- Fire Alarm System
A fire alarm system is a system that detects a fire and alerts people in the building that there is a fire. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) governs the use and installation of fire alarm systems.
- Fire Sprinkler System
A fire sprinkler system consists of water supply piping, valves, control equipment such as pull stations and smoke detectors, and special-purpose or conventional sprinklers installed for fire protection.
- Smoke ventilation system
A smoke ventilation system removes smoke from a building in an emergency to prevent injury or death from people’s exposure inside the structure. Smoke evacuation systems must meet specific regulatory standards.
Training for Life Safety
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) offers certification programs for various fire protection occupations, including fire inspectors, instructors, and more. The certification process requires continuing education and adherence to an ethical code.
Awareness and Training on Life Safety
Everyone in a facility should be aware of the life safety systems and their locations and use them. The awareness includes knowing the use of fire extinguishers, evacuating buildings when necessary, and operating alarm pull stations. Evacuation drills must also occur regularly to ensure occupants are safe in case of a fire.
Is There a Test I Have to Take to Practice Safety Systems?
There are generally no tests required to operate or use safety systems. There are some requirements for training employees working with fire extinguishers. Some states require a license to operate fire protection systems.
Protect Your Property with Building Life Safety Systems
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